Hawaiian Language

We recognize the significance of diacritical markings in written Hawaiian as pronunciation guides, but have opted not to use them on the Ulupono Initiative site since they display inconsistently across various computer platforms/browsers.

Consult these sources for diacritically accurate Hawaiian spellings:

  • Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition,
    by Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert (UH Press)
  • Place Names of Hawaii, Revised and Expanded Edition,
    by Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel H. Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (UH Press)

These references can also be found online via the Hawaiian electronic library Ulukau.